• ISSN: 2010-023X (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Trade, Economics and Financ.
    • Frequency: Quaterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJTEF
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof.Tung-Zong (Donald) Chang
    • Managing Editor: Ms. Shira. W. Lu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  Crossref, CNKI, EBSCO
    • E-mail: ijtef.editorial.office@gmail.com

Submission Guidelines

IJTEF welcomes submissions of original, unpublished papers that cover any discipline related to the general themes of the journal, including general business, management, marketing, accounting, finance, economics, international commerce, developmental economics, and other related fields of study.

Manuscript Submission Instructions 

Initial Paper Submission

All submissions must include two files, a cover page and a full paper in editable doc (Word) file. Submissions are accepted by e-mail only. Detailed instructions on preparing papers for submission can be found in the Template Paper. Send your cover page and full paper to the Editorial Office ijtef.editorial.office@gmail.com. The required cover page(doc or pdf format only) must contain the title of the paper, contact author’s full name and complete contact information, complete information for all authors, including affiliations, titles/ranks, email addresses, and other contact information.

Authors must accept the terms of Honor Code and Plagiarism Statement for Paper Submission, and that the paper is original research contribution with the references properly cited in the manuscript. At the bottom of the cover page, the following originality statement must be included:

The author(s) acknowledge(s) that the submitted paper is the original work by the author(s) and not currently under review for publication consideration elsewhere.”  

Please read our ethical publication statement:  Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Also attached to the submission email is the full paper (doc or pdf format only). The full paper must start with the paper title, abstract, introduction, etc. Do not include any author information or affiliation in the full paper. Avoid providing hints on the authorship in the content of the paper. Before submission, remove any author information from the Word or pdf file (e.g.,delete author name and affiliations under Properties). Complete author information will be added by the author(s) after the paper is accepted for publication.

Checklist for initial paper submission:

1. Cover Page, must include the following:

a. Paper Title
b. Complete Contact Information of the designated corresponding authors.
c. Complete Contact Information of the designated corresponding authors.
d. Complete names and information, including affiliations, titles/ranks, email addresses, and other contact information of all authors. Please use bold for last names to avoid confusion.
e. The originality statement at the bottom.
f. Must be prepared in editable .doc (Word) or .pdf format, e.g., do not protect the document with a password.

2. Full Paper:

a. Must be prepared in editable .doc (Word) or .pdf format.
b. Author information removed, e.g., deleting author name and affiliations under “Properties”.
c. Leave the following blank: the author name under the paper title, author contact information at the bottom of the first page, and complete author bios at the end of the paper. These will be added after the paper is accepted.
d. Prepare the full paper using the provided journal Template Paper.

Final Paper Submission

Accepted papers with required revisions must first submit the revised accepted paper to the Editor for review. Upon successful review, the Editor will notify that the paper is accepted as is for publication. Authors will then receive instructions on final paper submission from ijtef.editorial.office@gmail.com, or the publishing office.  For all accepted papers that are ready for publication, send the final full text paper (editable doc or pdf format only) with authors’ names, contact information.

Preparing Manuscripts 

Types of Publications

The following article types are applied:
• ArticleThe journal considers all original research manuscripts provided that the work reports scientifically sound experiments and provides a substantial amount of new information.
• Review: These provide concise and precise updates on the latest progress made in a given area of research.

Format of Manuscripts

Normally, articles should be at least 5 pages excluding references. Manuscript should contains text, in sequence of title, abstract, index terms, main text part,  conflicts of interest, author contributions, acknowledgments, references and author biography, etc.

Title: A title should adequately “flag” the content of the paper, and should be concise, specific and relevant. The potentially interested experts want to decide from the title whether or not they spend time on reading the paper, so the precise wording used in title is very important and deserves proper attention.


Abstract: A good abstract is a stand-alone summary of the paper, and should summarize the key components of the manuscript. Generally, the abstract should be no more than 200 words. As an abstract is a separate section, it should be a self-containing text (no abbreviations, no references, no URLs, no undefined concepts, etc. ).


Index Terms: about four keywords or phrases separated by commas, the keywords should be specific to the article, and reasonably common within the subject discipaline.


Main text: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions (for research paper) or literature review sections (for review paper). There should be no references in Conclusion section.
Introduction: The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance, including specific hypotheses being tested. The current state of the research field should be reviewed carefully and key publications cited. Please highlight controversial and diverging hypotheses when necessary. Finally, briefly mention the main aim of the work and highlight the main conclusions. Keep the introduction comprehensible to scientists working outside the topic of the paper.
Materials and Methods: They should be described with sufficient detail to allow others to replicate and build on published results. New methods and protocols should be described in detail while well-established methods can be briefly described and appropriately cited. Give the name and version of any software used and make clear whether computer code used is available. Include any pre-registration codes.
Results: Provide a concise and precise description of the experimental results, their interpretation as well as the experimental conclusions that can be drawn.
Discussion: Authors should discuss the results and how they can be interpreted in perspective of previous studies and of the working hypotheses. The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible and limitations of the work highlighted. Future research directions may also be mentioned. This section may be combined with Results.
Conclusions: This section is not mandatory, but can be added to the manuscript if the discussion is unusually long or complex.            
Conflicts of Interest: Authors should declare whether or not the submitted work was carried out with a conflict of interest. If yes, please state any personal, professional or financial relationships that could potentially be construed as a conflict of interest.  If no, please add "The authors declare no conflict of interest".


Author Contributions: Each author's contribution to this work should be stated in Author Contribution Section, authorship should be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work. The description can be up to several sentences long and should briefly describe the tasks of individual authors. e.g., A, B concuted the research; C, D analyzed the data; A, B wrote the paper; ...; all authors had approved the final version.


Acknowledgments: Acknowledgements should be brief, and should not include thanks to anonymous referees and editors, or effusive comments. Use the singular heading even if you have many acknowledgments. Avoid expressions such as “One of us (S.B.A.) would like to thank ... .” Instead, write “F. A. Author thanks ... .” Sponsor and financial support acknowledgments are placed in the unnumbered footnote on the first page.


References: This section should contain references to the most relevant related work and state of the art at the time of writing. The references should be complete, correct, and appropriately formatted. References should be numbered sequentially in order of appearance in the text (including table captions and figure legends) and listed individually at the end of the manuscript. Please refer to Journal Template for detailed reference style.


Author Biography: Biographies of the first author and/or the corresponding author within 150 words (including the author photos) should include educational background, research field, and published papers and patents, etc.


Footnote: funding, authors’ affiliation and contact information can be put at the footnote of first page.


Abbreviations: Abbreviations should be defined when they are first introduced in the manuscript.


SI Units: Use either SI (MKS) or CGS as primary units. (SI units are strongly encouraged.) English units may be used as secondary units (in parentheses).


Equations: If you are using Word, please use either the Microsoft Equation Editor or the MathType add-on (http://www.mathtype.com) for equations in your paper (Insert | Object | Create New | Microsoft Equation or MathType Equation). “Float over text” should not be selected.


Figures and Tables: All figures and tables should be inserted into the main text close to their first citation and must be numbered following their number of appearanceAll figures should be at a sufficiently high resolution (300 dpi or higher).

License and Copyright

IJTEF publishes the authors' articles under a Creative Commons attribution-noncommerical license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users of the author's published article are free to use, distribute, reproduce, and create adapted works using the published paper, but only where the use is for non-commercial purposes and IJTEF and the author are properly attributed. IJTEF are entitled to manage permissions for commercial use of the author's published paper.

Authors sign an copyright transfer agreement, where authors have copyright but license exclusive rights in their article to IJTEF, but retain  the right to:

•  Share their article for Personal Use, Internal Institutional Use and Scholarly Sharing purposes, under the condition that it contains the DOI link to the version of record on IJTEF, and all references to where this article has been published.
•  Retain patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights.
•  Proper attribution and credit for the published work.

IJTEF is granted the rights to:

•  Publish and distribute an article, and to grant rights to others, including for commercial purposes.
•  Apply the relevant third party user license.
•  Provide the article in all forms and media so the article can be used on the latest technology even after publication.
•  Enforce the rights in the article, on behalf of an author, against third parties, for example in the case of plagiarism or copyright infringement.

Data Availability

In order to maintain the integrity, transparency and reproducibility of research records, authors are encouraged to provide data availability statement about where data supporting the results reported in this study can be found, including, where applicable, hyperlinks to publicly archived datasets, e.g.,

The datasets generated in this study are available in the [NAME] repository, [weblink].
The datasets generated in this study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


Permissions for Reproducing Published Material in Your Work

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyright holder).

The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: "Reproduced with permission from [author], [journal title]; published by [publisher], [year], [reference number].” at the end of the caption of the Table or Figure. In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, authors should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. When submitting your article, please upload the permission together with the rest of your files. 

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E-mail: ijtef.editorial.office@gmail.com